Canadian Citizenship Test: Questions and Asnwers -

1、Who are the Aboriginal peoples in Canada 谁是加拿大的土著?
Aboriginal peoples were the first people to live in Canada. 土著是最早期居住在加拿大的人。

2、What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples 土著主要有那三类?
First Nations, Inuit, Metis. (The group we once called “Indians” are now known as “First Nations”)。第一民族,烟劳人,美地人(以往称为“印第安人” 的土著,现改称为“第一民族”)。

3、In which parts of Canada did the Aboriginal peoples first live 土著最早期在加拿大何处定居?
The Aboriginal people lived in every region of Canada. 他们散居于加拿大各处。

4、What did the Aboriginal peoples living in your region depend on for survival 住在你那区的土著以往靠什么为生?
The Aboriginal people in Central & Eastern region (Ontario and Quebec) depended on hunting and growing vegetable crops for survival. 中部及东部(安省和魁北克省)靠打猎和耕种。

5、From whom are the Metis descended 美地人源出于那里?
Many of the early French fur traders and some English traders married First Nations women. Their children and descendants are the Metis people. 很多早期的法国皮革商及有些英国商人与第一民族的妇人结婚,他们的孩子及后裔便是美地人。

6、In what industry did the Metis first work with European settlers 美地人与从欧洲移民最初一起从事那类行业?
Fur trade. 皮革贸易。

7、Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half of the population in the Northwest Territories 那一类土著人口超过西北特区一半?
Inuit. 烟劳人。

8、 Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working to be self-governed 为何加拿大的土著要自治?
They are working to keep their unique cultures and languages alive. They want to regain control over decisions that affect their lives. 他们想继续保存独有的文化及语言,及对一切影响他们生活的事情上有自主权力。

9、 From where did the first European settlers in Canada come 最初移居加拿大的欧洲人来自那里?
France & England.法国及英国。

10、 Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada 为何早期的探险家先来到“大西洋加拿大”?
They first came to Atlantic Canada to fish and trade with Aboriginal peoples.他们最先来到“大西洋加拿大”捕鱼及与土著通商.

11、 Who are the Acadian people 谁是亚加地人?
French who were the first Europeans to settle in Canada. 他们是法国人,第一批定居于加拿大的欧洲人。

12、 What three industries helped early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region 那三种工业帮助早期的移民在大西洋地区建立社区?
Farming, fishing, and shipbuilding.农业,渔业及造船业。

13、 Who were the United Empire Loyalists 谁是联合帝国忠臣?
They were British settlers who moved to the Atlantic region from the United States. These people were known as United Empire Loyalists because of their loyalty to England. 他们是从美国移居大西洋的英国人,他们被称为联合帝国忠臣,是因为他们对英国忠心。

14、 When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada 联合帝国忠臣何时来到加拿大?
In the late 1700’s. 在十八世纪末。

15、 When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River 法裔移民于何时在圣罗伦斯河建立社区?
Early 1600’s.在十七世纪初。

16、 In which type of industry did most early European settlers work 早期大部分从欧洲移民从事那一种行业?
Fur trade and farming.皮革贸易及农业。

17、 Which trade spread across Canada making it important to the economy for over 300 years 那一种行业遍及加拿大,且超过三百年在经济上扮演重要角色?
Fur trade.皮革贸易。

18、 What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America 土著及皮草商人利用那种交通工具来拓展北美的通商网络?
Sea (Ships).海路(船只)。

19、 For how long did the Hudson Bay Company control the northern lands.海湾公司控制北部地区多久?
More than 300 years.超过三百年。

20、 What important trade did the Hudson Bay Company control 海湾公司控制那一种主要贸易?
Fur trade.皮草贸易。

21、 When did thousands of miners first come to the Yukon 成千上万的矿工何时到来育康?
They first came to Yukon during the "Gold Rush" at the end of the 1800s. 他们在十九世纪末“寻金热”时来育康。

22、 What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier 政府怎样令居民更为容易迁移往加拿大西部?
Building a railway across the Prairies to the Pacific coast. 与建一条横越草原地区及太平洋海岸的铁路。

23、 Which group of people were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway 那一种人对与建加拿大太平洋铁路十分重要?
The Chinese Immigrants.中国移民。

24、 When was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished 加拿大太平洋铁路是什么时候完成?
At the end of 1885.一八八五年底。

25、 What did the federal government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie provinces during the early 1900s 在二十世纪初,联邦政府怎样鼓励人们定居在草原省份?
The government offered land at cheap prices. 政府以低价售卖土地。

26、 What does Confederation mean 什么是同盟?
Confederation means several regions or provinces joining together to create a new country.同盟是指数个地区或省份联合组成一个新国家。

27、 What is the Canadian Constitution 什么是加拿大宪法?
Canadian Constitution is the system of laws and conventions by which our country governs itself. 加拿大宪法是一个法律及公约制度,以此来治理加国。

28、 In what year did Canada become a country 加拿大在那一年立国?
In 1867.在一八六七年。

29、 What document made Confederation legal 那一份文件令同盟合法?
The British North America Act made this Confederation legal.英属北美条约令同盟合法。

30、 Which document first defined the responsibilities of federal and provincial government 那一份文件首先界定联邦及省政府的责任?
The British North America Act (B. N. A.).英属北美条约。

31、 When did the British North America Act come into effect 英属北美条约在何时生效?
July 1, 1867.在一八六七年七月一日。

32、 Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history 为何英属北美条约对加拿大的历史那么重要?
The British North America Act (B. N. A.) made the Confederation legal.它令同盟合法。

33、 Which four provinces joined together in Confederation 那四个省参与同盟?
Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. 安大略,魁北克,纽宾士域及诺华士高沙。

34、 List each province and territory and tell when each one joined Confederation 列举每个省份及特区,并说出何时加入同盟.
Provinces 省份 Years Joined 加盟年份
Ontario 安大略 1867
Quebec 魁北克 1867
Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙 1867
New Brunswick 纽宾士域 1867
Manitoba 文尼吐巴 1870
British Columbia 卑斯 1871
Prince Edward Island 爱德华王子岛 1873
Alberta 亚伯达 1905
Saskatchewan 沙士吉湾 1905
Newfoundland 纽芬兰 1949
Territories 特区 Years Joined 加盟年份
Northwest Territories 西北特区 1870
Yukon 育康 1898
Nunavut 1999

35、 Which was the last province to join Canada. 那一个省最后加盟加拿大?

36、 When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate 何时是加拿大日及庆祝什么?
Each year on July 1. It celebrates the anniversary of Confederation. 每年七月一日,它庆祝同盟周年。

37、 Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada 谁是加拿大第一位总理?
Sir John A. Macdonald.约翰麦当奴。

38、 Why is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in Canadian history 为何一九八二年的宪法条约对加拿大历史那么重要?
The constitution Act allowed us to change our Constitution without asking the British government for approval. 宪法条约准许我们无需获得英国政府赞同而更改我们的宪法。

39、 What is the part of the Constitution which legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians 部分合法地保护所有加拿大的基本人权及自由?
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.加拿大人权及自由宪章。

40、 When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution 加拿大人权及自由宪章在什么时候成为加拿大宪法的一部分?
In 1982.在一九八二年。

41、 Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.列举加拿大人权及自由宪章所保护的其中两项基本自由。
(Any two 任何两项)
Freedom of religion 宗教自由
Freedom of thought 思想自由
Freedom of belief 信仰自由
Freedom of opinion 意见自由
Freedom of expression 言论自由

42、 Name three legal rights protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 列举加拿大人权及自由宪章所保护的其中三项法律权利?
Legal rights 法定权
Equality under the law 法律上平等
Freedom of Religion 宗教自由

43、 List four rights Canadian citizens have.列举加拿大公民的四项权利。
(Any four 任何四项 )
Right to be a candidate in an elections. 可以成为选举候选人。
Right to vote in an elections, 选举投票权。
You may work in the public, military or police service. 可在政府,军队及警察部门工作。
Enter and leave Canada freely. 可自由进出加拿大。
Apply for a Canadian passport. 可申请加拿大护照。

44、 Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport 谁有权申请加拿大护照?
Canadian citizen.加拿大公民。

45、 Who has the right to enter and leave Canada at will 谁有权自由进出加拿大?
Canadian citizen. 加拿大公民。

46、 Who has the right to be considered first for a job in the Federal government 谁有权首先被考虑在联邦政府里工作?
Canadian citizen.加拿大公民。

47、 What does equality under the law mean 在法律上而言,平等是指什么?
It means every Canadian has an equal right to the protection and services of the police and courts. 它的意思是每一位加拿大人都在警方及法庭面前享有受保护及服务的平等权利。

48、 What does “mobility rights” mean “迁移自由权”是什么意思?
It means the right to live and work anywhere in Canada. 它指可在加拿大任何地方居住及工作的权利。

49、 Name six responsibilities of citizenship.列举六项公民责任。
Vote I election 选举中投票
Work to help others in the community 在社区中帮助其他人
Care for Canada’s heritage 保护加拿大的传统
Obey Canada’s law 遵守加拿大法律
Express opinions freely while respecting the rights and freedom of others 在自由表达意见的同时,亦尊重其他人的权利及自由
Eliminate discrimination and injustice 免除歧视及不公平

50、 Give an example of how you can care for Canada's natural heritage. 列举一个你可保护加拿大天然遗产的例子。
To preserve the environment and the beautiful scenery of Canada by keeping her clean. 为了保护加拿大的环境与美丽景色,保持她清洁。

51、 What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship 当你做一个公民宣誓时,你会答允些什么?
I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfill my duties as a Canadian citizen.我会忠诚及怀着忠实的心对加拿大女皇陛下伊利沙伯二世,他的后裔及继承人,并且我会忠诚地遵守加拿大法律及履行一个加拿大公民的责任。

52、 Explain how a citizenship right can also be seen as a citizenship responsibility, for example, the right to vote. 解释一个公民权利如何亦是一个公民责任,例如:投票
When I become a Canadian citizen, I have to participate in the community. As I obtain the right to vote, I should take the responsibility to select a good candidate who can represent us.当我成为一个加拿大公民,我便要参与社区,既然我获得投票的权利,我便应该承担这个责任去选择一个好的和能代表我们的议员。

53、 Give an example of how you can show responsibility by participating in your community. 举例说明你如何参与社区来表现你履行责任。
(Any one 任何一项)
To work with others to solve problems in my community 与其他人合作解决社区内的问题
Join a community group such as an environmental group 参加社区的团体,例如:环保团体
Help your neighbors 帮助你的邻舍
Volunteer to work on an election campaign for a candidate of your choice 在选举运动中,替你所选择的候选人做义工
Become a candidate in an election 当选择候选人

54、 Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians 那一个法律文件承认加拿大多元文化?
The Canadian Multiculturalism Act. 加拿大多元文化条约。

55、 What are the two official languages of Canada 加拿大的两种官方语言是什么?
English and French. 英文及法文。

56、 Which legal documents protect the official language rights of Canadians 那一份法律文件保障加拿大官方语言的权利?
The Canadian Constitution and the Official Languages Act. 加拿大宪法及官方语言条约。

57、 Give an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada 举出一个例子说明英语及法语在加拿大有同等地位。
(Any one 任何一项 )
Use in the parliament of Canada in federal courts and in all federal institutions 使用在加拿大国会的联邦法庭及所以联邦的机构

Everyone has the right to a criminal trial in either English or French 每人均有权利在刑事审讯中使用英语或法语

The public has the right to receive federal government services in either English or French 公众有权要求获得英语或法语的联邦政府服务

Official language minority groups in every province and territory have the right to be educated in their language 每个省或特区的官方少数团体有权接受他们自己语言的教育

58、 Where do most French speaking Canadians live 大部分说法语的加拿大住在那里?

59、 Which province has the most bilingual Canadians 那一个省有最多说双语的加拿大人?

60、 Which province is the only officially bilingual province 那一个省份是唯一官方说双语的省份?
New Brunswick.纽宾士域。

61、 What does the Canadian flag look like 加拿大的国旗是怎样的?
It is a red and white flag with the maple leaf. 它是一面有一片枫叶的红白旗帜。

62、 What song is Canadian's national anthem 那一首是加拿大的国歌?
O’ Canada! 噢!加拿大。

63、 Write the first two lines of Canada's national anthem.写出加拿大国歌的首两行。
O’ Canada! Our home and native land!噢!加拿大!我们的家及土地!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.忠实爱国者的爱都在所有人民的心里。

64、 Where does the name “Canada” come from “加拿大”这个名字的由来是怎样的?
In the early 1500s, Jacques Cartier used a First Nations word for village, “kanata”, to refer to the whole country. European map makers later used “Canada” as a name for all the land north of the St. Lawrence River. 在十六世纪初,积架士卡地亚利用第一民族的一个解作乡村的字“卡拿它”来指一整个国家,欧洲的地区绘制者后来便以“加拿大”作为圣罗伦斯以北土地之名称。

65、 Which animal is an official symbol of Canada 那一种动物是加拿大的官方象微?

66、 What is the tower in the centre of the parliament buildings called 位于国会大厦中央的高塔叫什么名字?
The Peace Tower.和平塔。

67、 What unique art form was developed by First Nations people on the West Coast 那一种独有的艺术形态是西岸的第一民族所建立的?
Totem poles.图腾柱。

68、 Why is the North sometimes called the Land of the Midnight Sun 为何北方有时被称为“夜半太阳之地”?
It is because in the height of summer, the daylight can last for up to 24 hours.因为在仲夏,日照时间可以维持二十四小时。

69、 An Act of Parliament is required to make a new territory in Canada's North. What will be the name of the new territory 国会条例被要求建立一个新的特区在加拿大北区,那新的特区将被命名为什么?
Nunavut will become a new territory in 1999. Nunavut 将在1999年成为新特区。

70、 What is the population of Canada 加拿大的人口有多少?
About 30 million. 大约三千万。

71、 What three oceans border Canada 有那三个海洋划定加拿大边界?
The Pacific Ocean on the west 西面的太平洋
The Atlantic Ocean on the east 东面的大西洋
The Arctic Ocean to the north 北面的北极洋

72、 How many provinces and territories are there in Canada 加拿大有多少省及特区?
10 provinces and 3 territories. 十个省及三个特区。

73、 What is the capital city or Canada 加拿大的首都是什么?
Ottawa, Ontario.安大略的渥太华。

74、 Name all the provinces and territories and their capital cities. 列出加拿大的所有省份及特区以及他们的首都城市。
Provinces 省份 Capital Cities 首都城市
Ontario 安大略 Toronto 多伦多
Quebec 魁北克 Quebec City 魁北克市
Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙 Halifax 哈利法斯
New Brunswick纽宾士域 Fredericton 佛特力顿
Manitoba 曼尼吐巴 Winnipeg 温尼僻
British Columbia 卑斯 Victoria 维多利亚
Prince Edward 西北特区 Charlottetown 查洛顿
Alberta 亚伯达 Edmonton 爱民顿
Saskatchewan 沙士吉湾 Regina 里真拿
Newfoundland 纽芬兰 St. John’s 圣约翰
Territories 特区 Capital cities 首都城市
Northwest 西北特区 Yellowknife 黄刀
Yukon 育康 Whitehorse 白马

75、 Name the five regions of Canada.列出加拿大的五个区域。
The Atlantic Region 大西洋区域
Central Canada 加拿大中部
The Prairie Provinces 草原省份
The West Coast 西岸
- The North 北方

76、 What are the provinces of Central Canada 加拿大中部有那些省份?
Ontario and Quebec.安大略省及魁北克省。

77、 Which are the provinces of the Atlantic region 大西洋区域有那些省份?
(Any on 任何一个 )
Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙
New Brunswick 纽宾士域
Prince Edward Island 爱德华王子岛
Newfoundland 纽芬兰

78、 Which are the Prairie Provinces 草原地区有那些省份?
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. 文尼吐巴省,沙士吉湾省,亚伯达省。

79、 What are the territories of northern Canada 加拿大北方有那些特区?
Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories (NWT). 育康,Nunavut及西北特区。

80、 Name one province which is on the Atlantic coast of Canada. 列出一个属于加拿大大西洋海岸的省份。
(Any one 任何一个)
Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙
New Brunswick 纽宾士域
Prince Edward Island 爱德华王子岛
Newfoundland 纽芬兰

81、 Name a province on the Pacific coast of Canada. 列出一个位于加拿大太平洋海岸的省份。
British Columbia.卑斯省。

82、 Which region covers more than one-third of Canada 那一个地区占了加拿大三分之一的面积?
Canada’s northern region, Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. 加拿大北面育康,Nunavut 和西北特区。

83、 Where do more than half of the people in Canada live 那一地区住了超过半数的加拿大?
More than half of the people in Canada live in cities and towns in the southern parts of Quebec and Ontario, close to the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.超过半数的加拿大人住在魁北克及安大略省南部的城市及市镇,接近大湖及圣罗伦斯河。

84、 One third of all Canadians live in which province 那一个省份住了三分之一的加拿大人?

85、 What is the Canadian Shield 什么是加拿大的地盾?
A rock formation that is millions of years old.那是一块经过数百万年而形成的巨大岩层。

86、 Where is the Canadian Shield 加拿大地盾在那里?
The land in northern Quebec and Ontario.在魁北克及安大略省以北的土地。

87、 Where are the Canadian Rockies 加拿大洛基山脉在那里?
From the border between Alberta and British Columbia. 在亚泊达省和卑斯省边界。

88、 Where are the Great Lakes 大湖在那里?
The Great Lakes are in Central Canada between Canada and the United States. 大湖位于加拿大中部,在加拿大与美国之间。

89、 What are the names of the Great Lakes 大湖包含了那些湖?
Lake Superior苏必略湖, Lake Erie 伊利湖, Lake Huron 休伦湖, Lake Michigan密芝根湖, Lake Ontario 安大略湖

90、 Where is the St. Lawrence Seaway 圣罗伦斯海路在那里?
A path from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean using the St. Lawren
90、 Where is the St. Lawrence Seaway 圣罗伦斯海路在那里?
A path from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean using the St. Lawrence River through Ontario and Quebec.由五大湖直通入大西洋一条水道,利用圣罗伦斯河通至安大略省及魁北克省。

91、 Name two mountain ranges in Canada.列出两个加拿大的山脉。
(Any tow of the following 以下任何两个)
Rocky Mountains 落基山脉
The Columbia Mountains 哥伦比亚山脉
The Coast Mountains 海岸山脉

92、 Which territory shares a border with another country 那一个特区与另一个国家共有同一边界?
Yukon (with Alaska in U. S. A.).育康 (与美国的亚拉斯加)。

93、 Which province is known as the Land of 100,000 Lakes 那一个省份被称为十万湖之地?

94、 Which provinces are joined to New Brunswick by land 那些省份与纽宾士域的土地接连?
Quebec 魁北克 Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙

95、 To What ocean is Newfoundland closest 纽芬兰最近那一个海洋?
Atlantic Ocean. 大西洋

96、 Which mountain range forms a border between Alberta and British Columbia 那一个山脉成为亚伯达省及卑斯省的边界?
The Rocky Mountains.洛基山脉。

97、 Which two provinces are closest to Prince Edward Island 那两个省份最近爱德华王子岛?
New Brunswick 纽宾士域 Nova Scotia 诺华士高沙

98、 Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size 那一个加拿大省份的面积最小?
Prince Edward Island.爱德华王子岛。

99、 Where are the Parliament Buildings located 国会大楼位于那里?
Ottawa, Ontario.安大略省的渥太华。

100、 Which country lies on Canada’s Southern border 那一个国家位于加拿大以南的边界?
The United States.美国。

101、 In what are the three main types of industry in Canada 加拿大有那三项主要的工业?
Natural resource 天然资源
Manufacturing 制造业
- Service 服务性行业

102、 In What sorts of jobs do most Canadians work 多数的加拿大从事那类型的工作?
Service industries such as transportation, education, health care, construction, banking, communications and government. 服务性行业,例如:交通,教育,保健,建筑,银行,资讯及政府。

103、 What country is Canada’s largest trading partner 那一个国家是加拿大最大的贸易伙伴?
The United States of America.美国。

104、 Why are the Great Lakes important to Canada 为何大湖对加拿大那么重要?
The Great Lakes have been an important waterway. They are the trading networks in North America.大湖是一条重要的水道,它们也是北美的贸易网络。

They also provide fresh water for people and industries around their shores. 它们亦供应新鲜水给靠近湖岸的人们及工业。

105、 Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada 为何圣罗伦斯海路对加拿大那么重要?
It allows ocean going ships that transport merchandise between Canada and its trading partners to travel up the St. Lawrence River and other small rivers between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.圣罗伦斯河及其他细小河流提供运输水道给经商者来往大湖及大西洋。

106、 Why is the Canadian Shield important to Canada’s economy 为何加拿大地盾对加拿大的经济那么重要?
It makes Canada one of the world’s leading producers of minerals because of the rich mineral deposits of gold, silver, nickel, zinc, copper, and iron ore which are found in the ancient rock of the Shied. 由于在加拿大地盾的远古石头上发现的金矿,银矿,镍矿,锌矿,铜矿及铁矿均蕴含丰富的矿物质沉淀,它令加拿大成为世界顶尖的矿物生产商之一。

The Shied is covered by forests and part of Canada’s major pulp and paper industry is based on the trees of the region. 地盾内布满林木,而加拿大大部分的纸业及纸张工业是依靠这地区的树木。

Some of the vast freshwater resources of the Shield are used to generate electricity. 地盾内有些巨大的新鲜水源被用来生产电力。

107、 List four important minerals found in the Canadian Shield 列出四种可在加拿大地盾内发现的重要矿物?
(Any four 任何四种)
Gold, silver, nickel, zinc, copper and iron. 金,银,镍,锌,铜及铁。

108、 Which province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world 那一个省是世界农产最丰富的地方之一?

109、 Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada 那一个地区被称为加拿大工业及制造业的心脏地带?
Central Canada.加拿大中部。

110、 Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources 那一个地区以肥沃农地及贵重能源驰名?
The Prairie Provinces.草原省份。

111、 Which two provinces produce more than three quarters of Canadian manufactured goods 那两个省份出产超过四分之三的加拿大制造业制成品?
Ontario and Quebec.安大略省及魁北克省。

112、 Which province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada 那一个省是加拿大最大的金属生产商?
Ontario. 安大略省。

113、 Which province is Canada’s main producer of pulp and paper 那一个省份是加拿大最主要的纸浆及纸张制造商?

114、 Which province has the largest dairy farming industry in Canada 那一个省在加拿大拥有最大的奶品农业?

115、 Which province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada 那一个省拥有加拿大最贵重的林木工业?
British Columbia.卑斯省。

116、 Which province is Canada’s major producer of oil and gas 那一个省是加拿大主要的石油及天然气生产商?

117、 Which province is Canada’s leading wheat producer 那一个省是加拿大首屈一指的小麦生产商?

118、 Which province is Canada’s largest producer of hydroelectricity 那一个省是加拿大最大的水力发电生产商?

119、 Which two fuels provide about one half of all the energy used in Canada 那两种燃料占加拿大约一半的能源?
Oil and Natural Gas.石油及天然气。

120、 Which products from Southern Ontario are one of Canada’s Key exports 安大略省南部那一种产品是加拿大的主要出口?
Products from the auto industry.汽车工业产品。

121、 What are three minerals still being mined in three territories today 那三种矿物现时仍然在三个特区中被开发?
Gold, Lead, Zinc. 金,铅,锌。

122、 Which city provides important shipping and air links between Canada and other countries across the Pacific Ocean 那一个城市为加拿大提供横越太平洋而连接其他国家的重要的海上及空中联络网线?

123、 What products are produced in the Niagara Peninsula 什么产品是在尼加拉半岛生产?
Peaches, apples, grapes and other fruit crops.桃,苹果,提子及其水果。

124、 More than half of Canada’s aeronautics and space industry are located in which province 加拿大超过半数的航空及太空工业位于那一个省份?

125、 For what is the Okanagan Valley famous 奥加拿根谷驰名什么?
Fruit orchards.果园。

126、 What fish is a valuable industry on the West Coast 那一种鱼类是西岸的重要工业?
Pacific Salmon.太平洋三文鱼。

127、 Who is Canada’s Head of State 谁是加拿大的国家元首?
The Queen Elizabeth II.女皇伊利沙伯二世。

128、 What is the Queen’s representative in Canada 谁是女皇在加拿大的代表?
Governor General.总督。

129、 What is the name of the governor General 总督叫什么名字?
Romeo LeBlanc.路美奥利帮斯。

130、 What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces and territories 怎样称呼女皇在省及特区的代表?
Lieutenant-Governors (in province) 省督Commissioner (in territories) 专员

131、 What is Canada’s system of government called 加拿大的政府制度叫什么?
A parliamentary Democracy.国会民主制度。

132、 What are the three parts of Parliament 国会分那三部分?
The Queen 女皇 The House of Commons 下议院 The Senate 上议院

133、 What are the three levels of government in Canada called 加拿大有那三级政府架构?
Federal government. 联邦政府
Provincial or Territorial governments省或特区政府
Municipal (or local) governments市(或本地)政府

134、 Explain how the three levels of government are different. 解释三级政府架构有何不同。
The Federal government takes major responsibility for things that affect all of Canada. These include national defense, foreign policy and citizenship. 联邦政府主要负责对加拿大整体有影响的事务,其中包括国防,外交政策及公民。

Provincial and Territorial governments look after things like education, health care and highways. They share responsibilities with the federal government in some areas. 省及特区政府负责教育,保健及公路,它和联邦政府亦会共同负责某方面的事务。

Municipal (or local) governments in each city or community are responsible for things like policing, fire fighting, snow removal and recycling programs. 每个城市或社区的市(或本地)政府所负责的事务,如警务,消防,铲雪及循环再造计划。

135、 Name tow levels of government and explain how they are different. 列出政府的两级架构及它们不同之处。
Federal, BC Provincial 联邦政府, 卑斯省
Queen’s Governor, Lieutenant-Representative General Governor总督, 省督
Elected Members of Members of the Representatives Parliament Legislative Assembly 选举代表 (MP) (MLA)国会议员 省议员 Leader of Prime Premier Country Minister 省长 领袖 总理
As for their other differences, please see Question No. 134. 有关它们的不同处,参看第134条问题。

136、 Name tow responsibilities for each level of government. 列出各级政府的责任。
See Question Nos. 133 & 134. 参看第133及134条问题。

137、 What do you call law before it is passed 当一个法例未被通过之前,它叫什么?
A bill.议案。

138、 How does a bill become a law 一个议案怎样才成为法律?
To become law, a bill must be approved by majorities in the House of Commons and in the Senate. Once a majority of MPs and Senators has approved the bill, the Governor General gives final approval and the bill becomes law. 若要成为法律,一个议案一定要获得下议院及上议院的大多数同意;当国会及上议院大部分议员同意后,总督便会作最后的批核,一个法案便成法律。

139、 What is the final step before a bill becomes a law 当一个议案成为法律之前,最后的一个步骤是什么?
The Governor General givers final approval to the bill。总督给予议案最后的批准。

140、 What do the initials MP stand for in Canadian politics 在加拿大的政治层面来说,“MP”这个简写代表什么?
Member of Parliament. 国会议员。

141、 How are Members of Parliament chosen 国会议员是怎样被选出来的?
In the federal election, the citizens of each electoral district elect one Member of Parliament who sits in the House of Commons. The candidate who receives the most votes becomes the MP for that electoral district. 在联邦选举中,每一个选区的公民选举一位下议院议员,那一个获票数最多的候选人便成为那区的国会议员。

142、 Who do Members of Parliament represent 国会议员代表谁?
Members of Parliament represent everyone who lives in their electoral district, even the people who did not vote for the MPs. 国会议员代表每一个居住在他选区的人,甚至是那些没有投他一票的人。

143、 What does a Member of Parliament do 国会议员负责什么?
-Representing our ideas when new laws are being proposed. 当有新法例提案的时候,他代表我们发表意见。

-Asking questions about the government on our behalf. 代替我们询问政府问题。

-Helping us if we need information from the government or if we have any problem with the government. 当我们需要政府的资料或当我们与政府有纠纷时,他帮助我们解决。

144、 What is an electoral district 什么是选区?
An electoral district is a geographical area represented by a member of the House of Commons. 选区是一个下议院议员所代表的一个地域上的地方。

145、 How many electoral districts are there in Canada 在加拿大有多少个选区?
About 300.约 300。

146、 In what electoral district do you live 你居住在那一个选区?
Ask your citizenship class instructor.问你的入籍班老师。

147、 What four requirements must you meet in order to vote in a federal election 若你要在联邦选区中投票,你需要符合哪四个条件?
- A Canadian citizen. 加拿大公民。
At least 18 years old. 最少十八岁。
On the list of electors. 列在选民的名单上。
Have been living outside Canada for less than 5 years or are working for the federal government, the Canadian Forces, or certain organizations outside Canada. 在加拿大以外居住少于五年,或正在联邦政府,加拿大军队或某些加拿大以外的机构工作。

148、 What is a notice of Confirmation of Registration 什么是选民登记证?
A Notice of Confirmation of Registration Card confirms that my name is on the lists of electors. The notice tells me where and when I can vote. 选民登记证证实我们的名字在选民名单之内,它亦告知我投票的地点及时间。

149、 What is a polling station 什么是投票站?
A polling station is where I vote and is listed on my Elector Information Card.投票站是我前往投票的地方。选民登记证上列有投票地点。

150、 What is a ballot 什么是选票?
A ballot is a form listing the candidates you can vote.选票是一张列有你可投选的候选人名字的表格。

151、 What is written on an election ballot 选票上写上什么?
The names of the candidates running in an electronal district in alphabetical order.选票上有选区内各候选人的姓名。

152、 What do you mark on a federal election ballot 你在联邦选票上划上什么?
An “X”in the circle beside the name of my chosen candidate. 在我投票的候选人名字旁划上一个“X”。

153、 What does voting by secret ballot mean 以暗票投票是什么意思?
This means that no one can watch my vote and no one should look at my marked ballot. I may choose to discuss how I voted with others, but no one has the right to insist that I tell them how I voted. 它的意思是没有人观看我投票,亦没有人能看我投票,亦没有人能看我已填写的选票, 我可以与其他人商量如何投票,但没有人有权坚持我告之他我如何投票。

154、 Who has the right to vote in federal elections 谁有权在联邦政府中投票?
See Question No. 147.参看第147 条问题。

155、 Who has the right to be a candidate in federal elections 谁有权在联邦选举中当候选人?
Any Canadian citizen who is at least 18 years old can run as a candidate in a federal election. 任何不少于十八岁的加拿大公民都能成为联邦选举中的候选人。

156、 Who do Canadians vote for in federal election 在联邦选举中,加拿大人是投谁的票?
A member of Parliament in their own electoral district. 他们自己选区中的国会议员。

157、 How is the government formed after an election 选举后,政府上如何成立?
After an election, the party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister and the party in power run the government as long as they have the support of a majority of the MPs in the House of Commons. 选举后,获得最多选举代表的政党成为执政党,这个政党的领袖便是总理,只要他们有下议院的大多数议员支持,总理及执政党便可执掌政府。

158、 How is the Prime Minister chosen 总理是怎样地被选出来?
The leader of party with the most elected Members of Parliament becomes the Prime Minister.执政党的领袖便是总理。

159、 When does an election have to be held according to the constitution 根据宪法,什么时候会有一次选举?
At least once every 5 years. The Prime Minister may ask the Governor General to call an earlier election. But if a majority of the MPs vote against a major government decision, the party in power is defeated, The Prime Minister resigns and a new election is usually held. 在五年内最少有一次选举,总理可以要求总督召开一次较早的选举,但假如大多数的国会议员投票反对一项政府的主要决策,执政党便告失败,总理辞职,新的选举便召开。

160、 What do political parties do 政党做些什么?
Political parties develop plans for what they would do if their candidates were elected to form the government.政党制定一套计划,假如他们党内的候选人被选成立政府,就会以政党计划去运作。

161、 What does party platform mean “党网”是什么意思?
Members of political parties develop plans for what they would do if their candidates were elected to form the government. The plans they make are called the party platform. 政党党员会筹划一套计划,是有关假如所属他们的候选人当选成为政府,他们会如何做,这些计划便成为政党。

162、 Name all the federal political parties represented in the House of Commons and their leader.列出所有下议院的联邦政党及他们领袖的名字。
Liberal 自由党 Jean Chretien 克里田
Reform 改革党 Gilles Duceppe 德石
Bloc Quebecois 魁北克党 Preston Manning万凌
Progressive 保守党 Elsie Wayne 威颖
Conservative ( interim leader) (临时领袖)
New Democratic 新民主党 Alexa McDonough 麦克多诺

163、 Which federal political party is in power 那一个联邦政府当政?
Liberal Party. 自由党。

164、 To which party does your Member of Parliament belong 你那区的国会议员属于那一个政党?
Ask your instructor.问你的老师。

165、 What does it mean for a political party to be in power 一个政党执政是指什么意思?
The party with the most seats (or representatives) forms the government and has the power to make and change laws.当一个政党得到最多选择代表而组成政府和有权力决策及更改法律。

166、 What are the parties that are not in power called 那些非执政的政党叫什么?
Opposition party.反对党。

167、 Which party becomes the Official Opposition 那一个政党是官方反对党?
The opposition party with the most MPs.有最多国会议员的反对党就是官方反对党。

168、 What is the role of the opposition parties 反对党的角色是什么?
Their role is to oppose or try to improve government proposals. 它们的角色是反对尝试改善政府的提案。

169、 What party is the Official opposition at the federal level 在联邦政府的层面,那一个党是官方反对党?

170、 What is a political candidate 什么是政党候选人?
A person who runs for office.一个竞选公职的人。

171、 What do you call a candidate who does not belong to a political party 怎么称呼一个不属于任何政党的候选人?

172、 What is a cabinet Minister 什么是内阁议员?
A Cabinet Minister is a MP chosen by the Prime Minister to run a federal government departments.内阁议员是被总理拣选出来管理联邦政府部门的国会议员。

173、 How are Senators chosen 上议院议员是怎样被选出来?
Senators are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General.上议院议员是被首相拣选出来,而被总督委任。

174、 How can party in power be defeated in Parliament 一个执政党怎样会在国会中被打败?
If a majority of the MPs vote against a major government decision, the party in power is defeated.当大多数的国会议员投票反对一项政府的主要决策,执政党便被打败。

175、 What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada 加拿大的首相叫什么名字?
Jean Chretien (November 4, 1993).克里田(九三年十一月四日)。

176、 What is the name of your Member of Parliament 你的国会议员叫什么名字?
Ask your citizenship instructor.问你的入籍班老师。

177、 How can you contact your Member of Parliament 你可怎样联络你的国会议员?
By phone: calling the number under “Information and referrals to Federal Government Programs and Services” or “Reference Canada”, give my address to the information officer who answers my call, and he or she will give me the name and telephone number of my MP. 电话:致电给“联邦政府计划服务资讯及指引”或“加拿大参考”,把我的地址给予接听电话的资料员,他或她便会告知我所属的国会议员的名字及电话号码。

By post: sending letter to the House of Commons, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0A6. 邮寄:发信给下议院。

178、 Who do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent 省的立法院议员或国家议会代表谁?
They represent everyone who livers in their electoral district in the province. 国会议员代表每一个居住在他的省内选区的人。
178、 Who do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent 省的立法院议员或国家议会代表谁?
They represent everyone who livers in their electoral district in the province. 国会议员代表每一个居住在他的省内选区的人。

They represent their provincial or territorial government. 他们代表他们所属省份或特区政府。

179、 What level of government passes “by-laws”那一级政府通过“附例”?
The Municipal governments.市政府。

180、 When did settlers from Europe first come to your region 欧洲移民在那时首先来到你的地区?
Settlers form Europe first come to Ontario in the 1700s.在十八世纪。

181、 Who were the first settlers in the area where you live 谁是你那区最初的居民?
United Empire Loyalists, Americans and British Immigrants.保皇党,美国及英国移民。

182、 Why did the early Europeans come to your region in the 1600s, 1700s, 1800s, or early 1900s 为何早期的欧洲人在十七,十八,十九或二十世纪初来到你的地区?
In the 1700s, the United Empire Loyalists came to Ontario to remain British. By the late 1700s, the population grows rapidly. Newcomers from United States and Britain came for better life.在十八世纪保皇党来安省忠于英国,十八世纪后期,人口增长迅速,美国及英国移民纷纷到来寻求美好生活。

183、 What is the capital city or the province or territory in which you live 那里是你所居住的省或特区的首都城市?

184、 What are the major industries of your city, province, region today 你那城市,省份,地区的主要工业是什么?
In the city of Toronto, Ontario, the major industries are service and manufacturing industry.在多伦多主要工业是服务及制造业。

185、 What is the most valuable manufacturing industry in your region today 你那地区最重要的制造工业是什么?

186、 List three minerals found in your region.列举三种在你的地区可发现的矿产?
Gold, silver, and copper.金、银、铜。

187、 List three natural resources important to your region  economy today 列举三种对你的地区经济十分重要的天然资源?
Minerals, forest, farmland. 矿产、树林、农地。

188、 List the activities which are important to the tourism industry in your region.列举对你那地区的旅游业重要的活动?
Shopping, skiing, museums, Canadian National Exhibition. 购物、滑雪、博物馆、加拿大国家展览会。

189、 What has always been important to the economy in your region 一向对你那地区的经济都重要的是什么?
Tourism and natural minerals. 旅游及天然矿产。

190、 Who is your city councilor, alderperson, reeve or regional councilor 谁是你那城市的参议员,市议员,地方或地区议员。
Ask your citizenship instructor. 问你的入籍班老师。

191、 What is the name of your mayor 你的市长是什么名字?
Ask your citizenship instructor.问你的入籍班老师。

192、 What is the name of your provincial representative (Member of Legislative Assembly, Member of Provincial Parliament or Member of National Assembly or Member of House of Assembly) 你的省代表(立法院议员,省国会议员,或国家议会议员)是什么名字?
Ask your citizenship instructor.问你的入籍班老师。

193、 What is the name of the Premier of your province 你的省长是什么名字?
Mike Harris.夏里斯。

194、 Which political party is in power in your province or territory 那一个是你的省或特区的执政党?
Progressive Conservative Party.进步保守党。

195、 What is the name of the leader of the opposition in your province 你那省的反对党领袖是什么名字?
Dalton Mcguinty (Liberal Party).麦坚时 (自由党)。

196、 What is the name of your Lieutenant-Governor or Commissioner 你的省督或专员是什么名字?
Hilary Weston.熙威顿。

Écrire commentaire

Commentaires: 0